Apostasy in sharia law

21.01.2021 By Samulkree

Islamic Sharia law contains many inhumane legal verdicts related to the treatment of non-Muslims and Muslims alike.

Due to the fact that Islam is both a religion and a legal system, the consequences of this reality are troublesome and profound. Ex-Muslims such as I are well aware of these pernicious roots of Islamic law. This gets right to the heart of why the religion of Islam and its accompanying legal system are so problematic. When Muslims are questioned as to whether or not they want the Sharia and its accompanying blasphemy laws, etc. Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority among you.

If you differ in anything among yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if you do believe in Allah and the Last Day: That is best, and most suitable for final determination. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in a plain error. What makes the life and property of a person sacred? Some Muslims often lie to unbelievers, saying that they do not desire the implementation of the Sharia. As mentioned above, the structure and nature of Islamic theology encourage Muslims to become liars and to deceive non-Muslims about the reality of the Sharia, so as to protect the often cruel, illiberal teachings of the Islamic religion itself.

The moral and legal depravity sanctioned by Islamic theology is seemingly endless as it pertains to the issue of lying to and betraying non-Muslims on many vital issues facing society. Consequently, my conscience will not allow me to condone support for Islam. As for Muslims who are unaware of the depredations of Islam, I believe it is my duty as an ex-Muslim to inform them of its many falsehoods and evils, and urge them to safely walk away from this murderous Arabian cult turned major religion.

Due to the fact that many Muslims react with such intransigence and hostility when Islam is criticized or prevented from being practiced in full, the world can expect much more bloodshed and strife in both the Islamic and non-Islamic world. So do not take from among them allies until they emigrate for the cause of Allah. But if they turn away, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them and take not from among them any ally or helper.

Reliance of the Travellera classic Sharia manual hailed widely throughout the Islamic world and endorsed by Islamic scholars at the foremost institution in Sunni Islam, al-Azhar, states that Muslims who apostatize from Islam have committed a death penalty offense, as the prophet of Islam himself proclaims in the hadiths quoted above:.

If he does, it is accepted from him, but if he refuses, he is immediately killed. If the spouse returns to Islam before the waiting period ends, the marriage is not annulled but is considered to have continued the whole time dis: m7.According to the classical legal doctrine, apostasy in Islam includes not only an explicit renunciation of the Islamic faith whether for another religion or irreligiositybut also any deed or utterance implying unbelief, such as one denying a "fundamental tenet or creed " of Islam.

Until the late 19th century, the vast majority of Sunni and Shia jurists held that for adult men, apostasy from Islam was a crime as well as a sin, an act of treason punishable with the death penalty[5] [11] typically after a waiting period to allow the apostate time to repent and to return to Islam. According to Abdul Rashied Omar, the majority of modern Islamic jurists continue to regard apostasy as a crime deserving the death penalty.

Apostasy in Islam

As of [update]there are 12 Muslim-majority countries that have the death sentence for apostasy, [31] [32] [33] whereas in 13 other countries apostasy is illegal and the government prescribes some form of punishment for apostasy including: torture, imprisonment, annulment of marriage, loss of inheritance rights or custody rights, amongst others. The Quran discusses apostasy in many of its verses. For example: [36]. But those who reject Faith after they accepted it, and then go on adding to their defiance of Faith, — never will their repentance be accepted; for they are those who have of set purpose gone astray.

You will find others who desire that they should be safe from you and secure from their own people; as often as they are sent back to the mischief they get thrown into it headlong; therefore if they do not withdraw from you, and do not offer you peace and restrain their hands, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them; and against these We have given you a clear authority. Make ye no excuses: ye have rejected Faith after ye had accepted it.

If We pardon some of you, We will punish others amongst you, for that they are in sin. He who disbelieves in Allah after his having believed, not he who is compelled while his heart is at rest on account of faith, but he who opens his breast to disbelief-- on these is the wrath of Allah, and they shall have a grievous chastisement. Other Qur'anic verses [37] refer to apostasy. According to professor of anthropology Dale F. Eickelman, some verses in the Quran appear to justify coercion and severe punishment for apostates.

In contrast to the Qur'an, hadith literature gives contradictory statements about punishments for apostasy. In Sahih al-Bukharithe most important book in Sunni Islam after the Quranand Sahih Muslim punishments for apostasy are described as follows: [45] [46]. Allah's Apostle said, "The blood of a Muslim who confesses that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that I am His Apostle, cannot be shed except in three cases: In Qisas for murder, a married person who commits illegal sexual intercourse and the one who reverts from Islam apostate and leaves the Muslims.

Ali burnt some people and this news reached Ibn 'Abbas, who said, "Had I been in his place I would not have burnt them, as the Prophet said, 'Don't punish anybody with Allah's Punishment.

A man embraced Islam and then reverted back to Judaism. Mu'adh bin Jabal came and saw the man with Abu Musa. Mu'adh asked, "What is wrong with this man?

A man from among the Ansar accepted Islam, then he apostatized and went back to Shirk. Then he regretted that, and sent word to his people saying : 'Ask the Messenger of Allah [SAW], is there any repentance for me?

The Evils of Islamic Law: the Death Penalty for Apostasy

So he sent word to him, and he accepted Islam. He then went over to Christianity again, and he used to say, Muhammad does not know anything except what I wrote for him. Then Allah caused him to die and they buried him.

A bedouin gave the Pledge of allegiance to Allah's Apostle for Islam and the bedouin got a fever where upon he said to the Prophet "Cancel my Pledge.

apostasy in sharia law

He came to him again saying, "Cancel my Pledge. Then the bedouin left Medina. Allah's Apostle said: "Medina is like a pair of bellows furnace : It expels its impurities and brightens and clears its good.

This is also sometimes cited as an example of open apostasy that was left unpunished.

apostasy in sharia law

And in the Muwatta of Imam Malik one finds:. Umar asked after various people, and he informed him. Then Umar inquired, 'Do you have any recent news?These changes in Sudan are likely motivated by financial concerns. They are part of efforts not just to get sanctions lifted, but to rebuild overall relations with the U. Still, Sudan faces another big problem: its Islamic supremacist citizens who will ignore any attempts to relax observance of Sharia in Sudan.

In January, Muslims burned down three churchesthen proceeded to burn down the temporary structures each congregation built. Two more churches were burned down at the end of March. And while Sudan has also now criminalized female genital mutilationthe practice will likely continue. This is because Sharia is considered to be divine and immutable.

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The transitional government in Sudan passed a series of amendments that repeal the death sentence for apostasy, public flogging and female genital mutilation, giving Christians hope for the future following the toppling of the Islamist regime of President Omar al-Bashir last year. Sudanese Minister of Justice Nasreldin Abdelbari confirmed Saturday the contents of the wide-reaching reform bill titled the Miscellaneous Amendments Act during a national television talk show.

The new amendments were initially approved in April but are just now going into effect, the BBC reports.

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The August document lays out how Sudan will be governed during the month transitional period. The Bashir regime ruled for more than 30 years before its ousting in April According to Abdelbari, the Ministry of Justice has abolished apostasy when Muslims leave the faith as a capital offense, saying that such a rule exposes people to danger. Before, anyone convicted of leaving the Islamic religion in Sudan could face the death penalty. However, Dabanga reports that the law still criminalizes apostasy, but demands that prosecutors protect those who are accused.

The new amendments also direct police and immigration authorities to allow mothers to travel abroad with their children without the written permission of the father or a male family member. Abdelbari confirmed that the legal changes will also allow non-Muslims to drink alcohol, a custom that was forbidden under the public order laws that barred several different behaviors.

The new rule, however, still prohibits Muslims from consuming alcohol. The old laws are a real challenge for the Sudanese. They should be broadly discussed in the future, by the people and by political parties.

The problem is that the people are still Islamic nut jobs. How do you change a crazy mind set like that. I hate to criticize anything that seems to be in the direction of secular government but this smells like a sham job just to have U.About Follow Donate.

Polling and Analysis. According to the survey findings, most Muslims believe sharia is the revealed word of God rather than a body of law developed by men based on the word of God. Muslims also tend to believe sharia has only one, true understanding, but this opinion is far from universal; in some countries, substantial minorities of Muslims believe sharia should be open to multiple interpretations.

Religious commitment is closely linked to views about sharia: Muslims who pray several times a day are more likely to say sharia is the revealed word of God, to say that it has only one interpretation and to support the implementation of Islamic law in their country. Although many Muslims around the world say sharia should be the law of the land in their country, the survey reveals divergent opinions about the precise application of Islamic law.

In most regions, fewer favor other specific aspects of sharia, such as cutting off the hands of thieves and executing people who convert from Islam to another faith.

In 17 of the 23 countries where the question was asked, at least half of Muslims say sharia is the revealed word of God.

apostasy in sharia law

For more information on sharia see text box. In no country are Muslims significantly more likely to say sharia was developed by men than to say it is the revealed word of God. Muslims in Southeast Asia and Central Asia are somewhat less likely to say sharia comes directly from God.

Views about the origins of sharia are more mixed in Southern and Eastern Europe. Overall, Muslims who pray several times a day are more likely to believe that sharia is the revealed word of God than are those who pray less frequently. Views on the origins of sharia do not vary consistently with other measures, such as age or gender.

Muslims differ widely as to whether sharia should be open to multiple understandings. While many say there is only one true interpretation, substantial percentages in most countries either say there are multiple interpretations or say they do not know. Muslims in Southern and Eastern Europe tend to lean in favor of a single interpretation of sharia.

Across the countries surveyed in South Asia, majorities consistently say there is only one possible way to understand sharia. In Southeast Asia, opinion leans modestly in favor of a single interpretation of sharia.

In many countries where the question was asked, Muslims who pray several times a day are more likely than those who pray less often to say that there is a single interpretation. Support for making sharia the official law of the land varies significantly across the six major regions included in the study.Some are for judges to implement in courts.

Finally, the third set of laws is for the ruler or political authority to implement based on the best interests of society. Implemented in the past to protect the integrity of the Muslim community, today this important goal can best be reached by Muslim governments using their right to set punishments for apostasy aside.

One of the most common accusations leveled against Islam involves the freedom of religion. So what are these critics talking about? What they are referring to is not the issue of tolerating those who follow other religions. Like the issues of stoning and hand chopping, apostasy in Islam can only be understood if one is willing to look beyond provocative headlines and delve into the nature of how jurisprudence developed in the pre-modern world and in Islam in particular.

Many studies looking at those who leave religious groups as well as communities defined by secular ideologies show that what distinguishes apostates from those who simply leave is that apostates become active opponents of their previous identity, more renegades than mere dissenters.

apostasy in sharia law

The problem was when such a decision became a public act with political implications. As far back as the first complex societies in Mesopotamia, human society saw religion as essential.

It secured the relationship of individuals and communities to some reality above and beyond the superficial world around them. It also transcended the personal and communal. The Old Testament law of the Children of Israel reflected this overlap of religious affiliation and affirmation of a tribal and even state identity; those Jews who forsook the God of Israel to take up the worship of other deities were condemned to stoning Deuteronomy ; The Muslims who built up Islamic civilization inherited and affirmed this ancient assumed role of religion.

Muslim political theorists wrote that a widely-adhered-to religion and a stable state were the two most important pillars of worldly prosperity. In Islamic civilization, the order of the world under heaven was simple.

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Muslims believed that God had revealed His final message to mankind. Unlike previous prophets, this last prophet had been sent to all communities, and his message rectified the errors that had crept into the revealed teachings brought by earlier prophets. The order of this world was clear to the scholarly and political elite who shaped and ruled it. It is not exalted over. This raises interesting questions about which system is more discriminatory, one in which a religious group rules but is totally open to entrants, or one in which only the citizens of a nation state enjoy full or any rights there, and where acquiring citizenship is mostly difficult or impossible.

But encouraging, publicizing, or even allowing, movement in the opposite direction, downward out of the ruling class, was a different matter.Allah, or God in English, created human beings to worship Him alone and instilled within them an inclination towards doing that. There is no alteration in the religion of Allah. Prophet Muhammad said, "Every infant is born with an innate disposition towards knowing and worshiping their Creator alonebut it is his parents who make him a Jew, or a Christian or a Magian.

So even though everyone is designed and programmed to be Muslims, they may not be raised as such, depending upon outside influences. This is different from apostasy. An apostate is someone who leaves the religion of Islam for another religion. One is considered an apostate if he does this while being sane, and of his own free-will, without being forced.

The punishment for apostasy is similar to treason in most countries. The ruling of the apostate is that he is given an opportunity for three days to repent and return to Islam and he is encouraged intensely to do so.

This is done by trying to dispel any doubts or misconceptions that he may have about Islam, making sure that he understands his decision. If he returns to Islam, he will be left alone, and if not, he is killed with the sword.

Prophet Muhammad said, "Whoever changes his religion away from Islamthen kill him. If the apostate is killed, he is not washed in Islamic ritual mannerprayed over the Islamic funeral prayer or buried in the cemeteries of the Muslims.

He is not inherited from and whatever he left of wealth belongs to the Islamic State and should be used for the general benefit of the Muslims. The purpose of performing capital punishment upon the apostate is to deter the remainder of society from repeating such an action.

And of course this is to be done in a land in which Islamic Sharee'ah is established. It is well known that in Madinah there existed a number of Jewish tribes and that some of the first protectors of the Muslims were the Abyssinians, who were Christians.

Muslims also preserved the places of worship and the lives of the Christians and Jews in Muslim controlled Palestine and Spain. Had it been that every non-Muslim was considered an apostate, these events would never have happened. For more information about apostasy in Islam:. Please leave a comment. Profanity is prohibited, along with any kind of threat, terrorist communication, etc, etc. Play nice and we won't delete your comment.

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How many letters are in the word "contention"? In sharia law, what is the penalty for apostasy? And, if we are all born Muslims, is not everyone other than Muslims an apostate? The Muslim Perspective.

More Questions What is the nature of religious experience and what purpose does prayer serve? Answers: Atheist 0 Comments Who founded or discovered your worldview?Blasphemy in Islam is impious utterance or action concerning God[2] insulting an angelor denying the prophethood of one of the Islamic prophets. The Quran curses those who commit blasphemy and promises blasphemers humiliation in the Hereafter. In the modern Muslim worldthe laws pertaining to blasphemy vary by countryand some countries prescribe punishments consisting of fines, imprisonment, flogginghangingor beheading.

In the modern era some states and radical groups have used charges of blasphemy in an effort to burnish their religious credentials and gain popular support at the expense of liberal Muslim intellectuals and religious minorities. A number of verses in the Qur'an have been interpreted as relating to blasphemy. In these verses God admonishes those who commit blasphemy.

Some verses are cited as evidence that the Qur'an does not prescribe punishments for blasphemy, [13] while other verses are cited as evidence that it does. The only verse that directly mentions blasphemy sabb is 6 And do not insult wa la tasubbu those they invoke other than Allah, lest they insult fa-yasubbu Allah in enmity without knowledge.

Thus We have made pleasing to every community their deeds. Then to their Lord is their return, and He will inform them about what they used to do. Verse 5 prescribes prison or mutilation or death for those "who wage war against Allah and His Messenger". The only punishment of those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and strive to make mischief in the land is that they should be murdered, or crucified, or their hands and their feet should be cut off on opposite sides, or they should be imprisoned.

This shall he a disgrace for them in this world, and in the Hereafter they shall have a grievous chastisement. Except those who repent before you overpower them; so know that Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.

Those who annoy Allah and His Messenger — Allah has cursed them in this World and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating Punishment. Truly, if the Hypocrites, and those in whose hearts is a disease, and those who stir up sedition in the City, desist not, We shall certainly stir thee up against them: Then will they not be able to stay in it as thy neighbours for any length of time: They shall have a curse on them: whenever they are found, they shall be seized and slain without mercy.

Other passages are not related to any earthly punishment for blasphemy, but prescribe Muslims to not "sit with" those who mock the religion [18] [19] — although the latter are admonishments directed towards a witness of blasphemy rather than the guilty of blasphemy:.

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When you hear Allah's revelations disbelieved in and mocked at, do not sit with them until they enter into some other discourse; surely then you would be like them. According to Shemeem Burney Abbas, the Qur'an mentions many examples of disbelievers ridiculing and mocking Muhammad, but never commands him to punish those who mocked him.